Field Survey Report -2018-19

दिनांक 15 नवम्बर 2018 को हरद्वारी लाल गोयल राजकीय महाविद्यालय ,तावडू के भूगोल विभाग की  कक्षा M.A. Geography-2 (Semester-3)  के  25 विद्यार्थियों में से 23 विद्यार्थियों ने भूगोल विभागाध्यक्ष श्री राकेश एवं श्री रवि कुमार एक्सटेंशन लेक्चरर के मार्गदर्शन में दक्षिणी तावडू क़स्बा में जाकर Inquiring the status of women in southern part of Haryana :-A Case study of Tauru Block विषय पर एक क्षेत्रीय सर्वेक्षण कार्य किया गया⃒

क्षेत्रीय सर्वेक्षण के मुख्य बिदु महिलाओं की स्थिति को जानना रहा. इस सर्वेक्षण में विद्यार्थियों ने cast wise distribution (General, OBC, SC)  age structure, Level of education Attainment, Age of Marriage, Number of children, decision enrolment ,political and legal Awareness among Women आदि विषय पर आंकड़े एकत्र किये⃒ इस सर्वेक्षण में तावडू क़स्बा के पटेल नगर मोहल्ले कि 274 घरेलू  महिलाओं में से 188 महिलाओं से सूचनाएं एकत्र की गयी⃒

इस सर्वेक्षण का मुख्य उद्देश्य  भूगोल के विद्यार्थिओं को क्षेत्र जाकर अवलोकन ,साक्षात्कार तथा अनुसूची के द्वारा सूचनाओं को अर्जित करना, आंकड़ो की तालिका तैयार करना तथा उनका विश्लेषण करना , मानचित्र व आरेख आदि  बनाना रहा ⃒

सर्वेक्षण करने के बाद निम्लिखित निष्कर्ष निकल कर सामने आये –

1.घरेलू कार्यों में महिलाओं की सबसे सबसे ज्यादा भागेदारी O,B.C. वर्ग की 61.70 % एवं  S.C. वर्ग की भागेदारी 35.64 प्रतिशत रही तथा सबसे कम 2.66 प्रतिशत सामान्य वर्ग कीमहिलाओं की रही⃒  इससे स्पष्ट होता है कि O.B.C. वर्ग कि भागेदारी घरेलू कार्यों में सबसे ज्यादा रहती है ⃒

2.शिक्षित महिलाओं में सबसे ज्यादा संख्या 52.54 प्रतिशत के साथ प्राथमिक स्तर तक तथा सबसे कम 2.54  प्रतिशत  उच्चतर स्तर कि रही ⃒

3. 65 प्रतिशत लड़कियों की शादी 18 वर्ष की आयु से कम उम्र  में कर दी जाती है, जिस कारण महिलाओं का स्वास्थ्य ज्यादा अच्छा नहीं रहता ⃒

4. 2 बच्चों   वाली महिलाओं कि संख्या सबसे अधिक 41.54 प्रतिशत  तथा 1 बच्चे. वाली महिलाओं कि संख्या 15.38 प्रतिशित तथा 2 से अधिक  बच्चों वाली महिलाओं कि संख्या 43.08 प्रतिशत  है⃒

5.बच्चों कि शादी कारते समय तथा व्यापारिक गतिविधियों से सम्बंधित निर्णय लेने में महिलाओं कि भागेदारी 87.13 प्रतिशत  तथा बच्चों कि शिक्षा से संबंधित निर्णय लेने में भागेदारी 90.05 प्रतिशत रही ⃒

6. निर्णय लेने में राजनीतिक स्वतंत्रता वर्ष 2014 के लोकसभा चुनाव में महिलाओं कि जागरूकता 88.82 प्रतिशत रही  तथा अपने पतियों के कहने पर वोट करने वाली महिलाओं कि भागेदारी 68.86 प्रतिशत पाई गई |

Field Survey Report


(Status of Women in Mewat: A Case Study of Raniyaki Village in Tauru Block of Nuh District)

On 20 November, 2019, a field survey was conducted in the Raniyaki village In Tauru block of Nuh district. The student of MA Final in Geography department of HLG GOVT. College participated in the field survey under the supervision of Sh. Rakesh Kumar & Sh. Pratap Singh. The main purpose of the field survey was to know the socio-economic status of the women in the Mewat region. The 100 respondents were selected through systematic purposive sampling technique. Among the 100 respondent 50 were Muslim and 50 were Hindu. There were 60 Women respondent while 40 were Male. The finding of the field survey had been quite surprising.

Mewat is the most socio-economically backward region in the highly developed state Haryana. The field survey findings show that most of the respondents belong to the large family size. The same corroborated in their opinion about the family size. Around 40 per cent respondents advocated 4 to 6 children for a couple. 30 percent respondent advocated for more than 10 children for a couple. This shows the traditional mindset of the people in Mewat. The govt. is doing its best for providing the basic infrastructure at the village level like water, electricity, etc at village level. The report shows that most of the women work in the field and look after the cattle. With the changing of time the women are participating in the family decision 68 percent of the respondents admit that the women are playing an active role in family decision making. The women have the independence of casting the vote of their choice. However the people of Raniyaki village are still bound with traditional orthodox. Most of their girls are married under the age of years. The people of Muslim community never allowed their daughter to visit town alone. The strongly abide by the Shariyat law and recommend Pardha (Veil) for the women. This is the main reason for educational backwardness among the women in Mewat.

The report shows that most of the female face domestic violence. They play little role in family planning, and are treated as a child bearing machine. They are facing this ordeal on the name of religion. The women face sexual violence within the married life. The report also reveals that consumption of alcohol is also disturbing the life. However the alcohol consumption was limited to Hindu community mostly. Most of the villager is unemployed, and this problem gives birth to illegal ways of income. The village Raniyaki is infamous for criminal activities like stealing , snatching, illegal mining etc. Though the govt. is doing its best effort to providing the basic infrastructure but it seems that the villager is not ready to get rid of their orthodox mind setup. Most of the villager is busy in illegal ways of income. Women in Raniyaki village don’t have the freedom of casting votes, choosing their life partner. Instead, they are treated as child bearing machine, facing the sexual violence on the name of religion. The report presents grim pictures that in the 21th century the women in Mewat even don’t have the right on her body. They are still confined to the four walls waiting for the freedom to witness the outer world.